Every year millions of people make New Year resolutions like losing weight. My New Year resolutions for 2011 were all about eco-friendly living. They can be listed as: using less paper products and plastic water bottles, reducing the use of gas by driving less, and (the most important one) learning how to compost.
|This is the cheapest and easiest way to compost.|
All you need is a plastic container with a lid, like the ones they sell at supermarkets and home improvement stores. Then you need to drill a few holes on the side for ventilation; you are ready to start composting. You can put vegetable and fruit peels, egg shells, flowers, leaves, coffee grounds, corn cubs, and spinach stems in your pile of compost. You should know that composting organisms need 4 equally important things to work effectively:
- Carbon (or carbs) for energy - the oxidation of carbon produces the heat. High carbon materials tend to be brown and dry.
- Nitrogen (or protein) to grow and reproduce more organisms to oxidize the carbon. High nitrogen materials tend to be green and wet.
- Oxygen to oxidize the carbon for the decomposition process.
- Water- in the right amounts to maintain activity.
Furthermore you need to stir it every day to ensure aeration; the pile should not be too wet or too dry - it should have the moisture content of a sponge. Even more important, avoid putting in rotten or cooked leftover food especially it if contains spices, meat, fat, grease, and oil. A compost pile uses aerobic respiration and apart from attracting fruit flies, which are a normal part of the process, it does not attract house flies, worms, cockroaches, or rats. These will appear only if you add meat to the pile.